Chronic Kidney Disease
What is Chronic Kidney Disease?
Chronic kidney disease develops when the kidneys have been damaged by conditions or diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension) or inflammation of the filtering units in the kidneys (glomerulonephritis). This damage can occur gradually over months or years making it particularly dangerous since symptoms may not appear until damage has already been done.
When abnormal kidney function persists for three months or longer, chronic kidney disease occurs. This affects your kidneys ability to keep you healthy.
What Are Functions Of Kidneys?
They have several important jobs:
Chronic kidney disease is a progressive loss in kidney function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are not specific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experiencing a reduced appetite. Often, chronic kidney disease is diagnosed as a result of screening of people known to be at risk of kidney problems, such as those with high blood pressure or diabetes and those with a blood relative with CKD. This disease may also be identified when it leads to one of its recognized complications, such as cardiovascular disease, anemia, or pericarditis. It is differentiated from acute kidney disease in that the reduction in kidney function must be present for over 3 months.
Acute Kidney Injury
What causes acute kidney injury?
Acute kidney injury has three main causes:
A sudden blockage that stops urine from flowing out of the kidneys. Kidney stones, a tumor, an injury, or an enlarged prostate gland can cause a blockage.
What are the symptoms?
Sings and Symptoms of acute kidney injury may include: